The Spring Festival is the most traditional and traditional festival in China. It is the most grand and lively ancient festival in China. Generally speaking, the New Year's Eve and the first day of the first month are the first day of the year, also known as the Lunar Year, commonly known as the "New Year." However, in the folk, the traditional Chinese New Year refers to the festival from the eighth day of the twelfth lunar month or the twenty-three or twenty-fourth of the twelfth lunar month until the fifteenth day of the first lunar month, in which New Year's Eve and the first day of the first month are the climax. During the Spring Festival, Chinese Han people and many ethnic minorities have to hold various activities to celebrate. These activities are mainly to worship the gods, pay homage to the ancestors, remove the old cloth, welcome the blessings, and pray for the harvest. The activities are rich and colorful, with strong national characteristics.
The Spring Festival is the most important festival of the Han nationality, but more than a dozen ethnic minorities such as Manchuria, Mongolia, Yao, Zhuang, Bai, Gaoshan, Hezhe, Hani, Daur, Yi, Li, etc. have also had the custom of the Spring Festival, but the form of the festival has its own National characteristics are even more endless.
The Spring Festival has different names in different eras. In the pre-Qin period, it was called "Shangri", "Yuanri", "Change of the age", "Year of the Year", etc.; in the period of the Han Dynasty, it was also called "Three Dynasties", "Years", "Zhengdan", "Zhengri" When the Wei, Jin and Southern and Northern Dynasties were called "Yuanchen", "Yuanri", "Head of the Yuan", "Year of the Age", etc.; to the Tang, Song and Yuan Dynasties, they were called "New Year's Day", "Yuan", "Year", "Xinzheng" ", "Singapore", etc.; and the Qing Dynasty, has been called "New Year's Day" or "Yuan Ri".
On May 20, 2006, the "Spring Festival" folk custom was approved by the State Council of the People's Republic of China to be included in the first batch of national intangible cultural heritage.
The origin of the Spring Festival
The Spring Festival is called "Zhengdan", "Year of the Year", "Sanyuan" and so on. On December 31, 1911, the Hubei Military Government of the Republic of China issued the "General Affairs of the Republic of China on the use of the solar calendar in the Republic of China", clearly called the annual festival "Spring Festival." On September 27, 1949, the first plenary session of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference further clarified that the first day of the lunar calendar was called the "Spring Festival", and the name of the "Spring Festival" was officially included in the Chinese Festival Code.
The "Year" of the "Year" is written as "He" in the above part and "Human" in the lower part. Jin Wen’s “Year” is also the same as Oracle’s. Xiao Yan’s "Year" writing "Shang Wo Xia Qian", "Said Wen Jie Zi Hu": "Year, Gu Shu also. From Wo, from thousands of sounds." Xiao Yan changed the word "人" into "thousands" Therefore, Xu Shen used this to say, and the word "thousands" is a person with ornaments, and this solution is not contradictory. "Wo" is the general term for cereals. It cannot be misinterpreted as "wheat". The quality of the year is mainly determined by the growth and harvest of the "he", and the "he" in the Oracle that has been excavated is almost always looked like a heavy waist, which symbolizes Achieving a bumper harvest of grain production. What is the explanation for the word "person" under the word "year"? From the perspective of Oracle, the word "year" seems to be the grain on the head.
There is also a legend that in ancient China, there was a monster called "Year" with a long tentacles and fierce anomalies. "Year" has lived deep under the sea for many years, and climbed ashore every New Year's Eve, consuming food to kill people. Therefore, on the day of New Year's Eve, people in the villages and villages help the old and flee to the mountains to escape the "year" beast. On New Year's Eve, there was an old man begging from outside the village. The villagers were in a hurry and panic. Only the old woman in the village’s head gave the old people some food and advised him to go up the mountain to avoid the “year” beast. The old man smiled and said: “If my mother-in-law let me stay at home for a night, I must 'Year' is going to go." The old woman still continues to persuade, begging the old man to laugh and not speak.
In the middle of the night, the "year" beast entered the village. It found that the atmosphere in the village was different from that of previous years: the village’s old-time old woman’s house, the door was covered with red paper, and the house was full of candles. The "year" beast screamed and screamed. When I approached the door, there was a sudden sound of "pengpengpapa" in the courtyard. The "year" was shuddering and I dared not go forward. It turns out that the "year" is most afraid of red, fire and explosion. At this time, the mother-in-law’s door opened wide, and I saw a man in the hospital wearing a red robe laughing. The "year" was shocked and the wolf escaped. The next day was the first day of the first month. People who came back from the refuge were very surprised to see the village safe and sound. At this time, the old woman realized suddenly and quickly told the villagers about the promise of begging the old man. This matter quickly spread in the surrounding villages, and people all know how to drive away the "year" beast. From then on every New Year's Eve, every family posted red couplets and firecrackers; the households were brightly lit and stayed older. In the early morning of the first day of the morning, I would like to say goodbye to my friends. This custom has become more and more widely spread and has become the most traditional traditional festival of Chinese folk.
This kind of statement is probably a follow-up of the later generations according to the traditional customs. It is unlikely to be the origin of the "year".
Chinese New Year customs
Post Spring Festival couplets, stickers, stickers, window stickers, stickers, stickers, thousands of places, set the table, keep the age, put the firecrackers, eat the New Year's Eve, pick up the gods, step on the shackles, worship the ancestors, send the god of wealth, drink the toast, the next year, the New Year ,eat dumplings.